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DBMS > Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score4.74
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#336  Overall
#35  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comnuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.OracleVelocityDB Inc
Initial release2007201320112011
Current release4.4.7, May 202222.1, May 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++JavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQLnono
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jNuoDBOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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Our Journey to Self-Discovery: Synthesizing 30 Years of Data Pipelines With Knowledge Graphs
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How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
16 May 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graphs4Good, GraphQL, Game of Life, Information Extraction, Cypher Map Projection, and More
14 May 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jNuoDBOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
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