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DBMS > Derby vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.56
Rank#61  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score853.57
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score44.60
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversolr.apache.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmllearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serversolr.apache.org/­resources.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release199719892006
Current release10.17.1.0, November 2023SQL Server 2022, November 20229.5.0, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava plugins
Triggersyesyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSolr
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