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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score51.17
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19892006
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava plugins
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerSolr
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