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DBMS > CrateDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison CrateDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Date Store based on LuceneEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#163  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
#10  Search engines
Score1.14
Rank#149  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.99
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.89
Rank#165  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitecrate.iographdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperCrateOntotextMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20132000201020072010
Current release8.8, January 2019V123.5.4, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java 7 VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsSPARQL is used as query languageyesnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsMQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJava Server PluginTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CrateDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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More resources
CrateDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jStardog
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