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DBMS > Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.58
Rank#70  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score84.95
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201020092007
Current release10.4.7, July 20193.5.4, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CloudantMariaDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – New Data Science Online Courses, Finding Fraud, Using Neo4j With Laravel, New NSMNTX Release, Graph Algorithms From OSCON, and More!
24 August 2019

Context for AI Ops: 5-Minute Interview with Atul Gupta
23 August 2019

Announcing Data Science with Neo4j And Applied Graph Algorithms Online Training Courses
22 August 2019

AI & Graph Technology: Connections Improve Accuracy
19 August 2019

This Week in Neo4j – 4.0 Milestone Testing, Highschool Popularity Algorithms, Minecraft Crafting Tree, Cancer Graph and Social Network Pagination
17 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CloudantMariaDBNeo4j
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

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