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DBMS > BaseX vs. GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A widely adopted in-memory data gridFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.87
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score3.53
Rank#84  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score56.85
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.gbase8a.comhazelcast.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orghazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperBaseX GmbHHazelcastMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2007200820192010
Current release9.4, July 2020GBase 8a4.0, February 2020cloud service with continuous releasesV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQL
Triggersyes infovia eventsyes infoEventsyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoReplicated Mapyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXGBaseHazelcastMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
BaseXGBaseHazelcastMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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