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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. BigchainDB vs. Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. BigchainDB vs. Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#251  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#193  Overall
#30  Document stores
Score0.85
Rank#186  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.bigchaindb.comwww.graphengine.iowww.postgresql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2018201620101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current release14.1, November 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaPython.NET and CC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux.NETFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenonoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.PL/SQL
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDBoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache IoTDBBigchainDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityPostgreSQLTimesTen
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