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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Hawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.In-memory JavaScript DBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.86
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score17.95
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.06
Rank#325  Overall
#30  Time Series DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#227  Overall
#35  Document stores
Score9.15
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.hawkular.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidetechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Google infoacquired by Google 2014Community supported by Red HatMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release20122012201420142001
Current release9.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnononoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP RESTJavaScript APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia Hawkular Alertingyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infobased on CassandranoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesnono infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesnonoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFirebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsLokiJSMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFirebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsLokiJSMarkLogic
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