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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Wide column storeTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score120.71
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.04
Rank#322  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcassandra.apache.orgopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2012200820142004
Current release3.11.5, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per objectnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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