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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Microsofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.21
Rank#85  Overall
#9  Search engines
Score2.83
Rank#87  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1096.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score503.37
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAmazonExasolMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2012200019891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon CloudSearchEXASOLMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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