DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud HybridDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud HybridDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHybridDB is an online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.26
Rank#243  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#221  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyneo4j.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupMcObjectNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2016200120071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release8.0, May 20183.5.8, July 201912.0, October 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning / shardingnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud HybridDBeXtremeDBNeo4jPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

How Boston Scientific Improves Manufacturing Quality Using Graph Analytics
16 October 2019

Overcoming CCPA Compliance Challenges: What Is CCPA?
14 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES Keynote, Cypher Eager Operator, Releases of Neo4j OGM and jQAssistant
12 October 2019

Announcing the Global GraphHack Winners!
11 October 2019

Empowering Educators: Neo4j’s New Program for Classroom Instruction
10 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud HybridDBeXtremeDBNeo4jPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Alibaba Cloud, AWS & DigitalOcean: Cloud Services Compared
31 May 2018, SitePoint

Alibaba Cloud: Rising Star in the Cloud Market
21 May 2018, Datamation

provided by Google News

McObject's eXtremeDB for HPC is Now Available on AWS
15 October 2019, HPCwire

eXtremeDB shortlisted for two Data Management Insight Awards
9 October 2019, Embedded Computing Design

eXtremeDB shortlisted in 4 different best DBMS categories in 1 week
8 October 2019, IoT For All

People Moves: AlgoDynamix, Tourmaline , Asset Control, SIX
27 September 2019, www.waterstechnology.com

Unique Active Replication Fabric feature announced by McObject for its eXtremeDB IoT SDK bundle
13 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j Graphtour New York
10 October 2019, AiThority

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

Percona Announces New Distribution of PostgreSQL to Provide Expanded Support for Open Source Databases
17 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

What is SAP SQL Anywhere? - Definition from WhatIs.com
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

How to manage mobile databases: Tips and best practices
21 August 2017, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Architect (Remote)
First San Francisco Partners, Remote

Computing-Lead
Wipro LTD, Richfield, MN

Business Intelligence Architect
Magic Leap, Inc., Fort Lauderdale, FL

Data Science Intern
Honeywell, Atlanta, GA

Sr. Software Engineer
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Database Administrator, Digital Commerce Platform
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Senior Database Administrator
Egnyte, Mountain View, CA

Database Engineer
Facebook, Menlo Park, CA

Research Database Administrator Senior / Intermediate
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Database Administrator - ITS4
State of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN

Help Desk Technician
Association for Energy Affordability, Inc., New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here