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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Microsofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.38
Rank#48  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score131.18
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroraproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­UserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonMicrosoftMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release19712015199219891994
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019SQL Server 2017, October 201718.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
DAO
OLE DB
ADO.NET
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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