DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store||Document store|
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2016|
|Current release||12.0, October 2019||3.0.0, June 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-slave replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no currently only supported in syntax|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...|
|Competitive advantages||In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...|
|Key customers||Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...|
|Market metrics||InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.|
2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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