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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value storeWide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score50.81
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.81
Rank#77  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score1.91
Rank#114  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#158  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmldocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleScyllaDB
Initial release2007201120152017
Current release4.0.2, March 202019.5, November 2019Scylla Open Source 3.2.3, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionaloptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnonoyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyElectable Master-Slave per shardselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)no infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infooff heap cacheyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracle NoSQLScyllaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – COVID-19 Contact Tracing, Supply Chain Management, What’s new in Neo4j Desktop?
4 April 2020

See Your Graphs in Bloom: The 5-Minute Interview with Anurag Tandon, Neo4j
3 April 2020

Detecting Cryptocurrency Fraud with Neo4j
30 March 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j BI Connector, COVID-19, Supply Chain Management
28 March 2020

Q+A with Keith Hare: Newest Neo4j Team Member, Active in the Database Query Standards Process Since 1988
27 March 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOracle NoSQLScyllaDBTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
Postponed to 2021 due to COVID-19, 20-22 April 2020

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