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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1090.83
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score48.98
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#175  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release198920072010
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20173.5.4, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Near Natural Language Search in Bloom, Neo4j on Pivotal Container Service, Neo4j – Kafka – MySQL
20 July 2019

#GraphCast: How to Deploy Your Graph Database on GKE
19 July 2019

Graphs in Banking: Integration with AI & Machine Learning [Video]
16 July 2019

Toward AI Standards: Context Makes AI More Robust
15 July 2019

This Week in Neo4j – GraphConnect 2020 Registration Now Open, Data Discovery at Lyft, Finding Motifs in Cypher for Fun and Profit
13 July 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerNeo4jStardog
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft SQL Server 2008/R2 reach end of support; SQL Server 2019 and Azure await
8 July 2019, ZDNet

Microsoft database turns to the cloud as support ends for SQL Server 2008
9 July 2019, CIO Dive

The Latest Azure Database Updates: SQL Server 2008; Azure SQL Database; Azure Analysis Services; Developer tools
16 July 2019, MSDynamicsWorld.com

Clock Winds Down on SQL Server 2008/R2 Security Support
9 July 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

IDERA Announces New Tools to Make SQL Server Security and Compliance Easier
12 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Neo4j: How a lack of context awareness is hampering AI development | Technology
17 July 2019, Business Chief

Graph Database Market 2019 Value Chain Analysis – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
17 July 2019, Micro Finance Ledger

Graph Databases Go Mainstream
18 July 2019, Forbes

Graph Database Market Trending Research 2019 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
10 July 2019, Micro Finance Recorder

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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