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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document storesWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1085.06
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score410.06
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score123.36
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMongoDB, IncDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release198920092000
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20174.0.10, May 20193.29.0, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScriptno
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSQLite
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
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Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSQLite
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Rolls Out SQL Server 2019 RC 'Refresh'
22 August 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

Q&A with Denny Cherry: Top Things You Should NEVER Do in SQL Server (and Other Tips)
5 September 2019, Redmondmag.com

The MCSA SQL Server Certification Training Bundle Is Available For A Massive 96% Discount Offer For A Few Days – Avail Now
10 September 2019, Wccftech

Aginity Launches Analytic Management Support for Microsoft SQL Server
21 August 2019, PRNewswire

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13 September 2019, ITPro Today

MongoDB Doubles Down on Sales
6 September 2019, Motley Fool

MongoDB (MDB) Reports Q2 Loss, Tops Revenue Estimates
4 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

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2 September 2019, iProgrammer

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17 August 2019, MassNews

This Complete SQL Database in Python Bundle with certification is 98% off
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LXD releases Dqlite 1.0, a C library to implement an embeddable, persistent SQL database engine with Raft consensus
4 September 2019, Packt Hub

Hackers can use an SQLite database vulnerability to take over an iPhone via the Contacts app
12 August 2019, Fast Company

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