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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document storesIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1093.18
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score404.57
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score55.43
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftMongoDB, IncSAP
Initial release198920092010
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20174.0.10, May 20192.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScriptSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSAP HANA
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

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22 August 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

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21 August 2019, PRNewswire

Google Releases Enterprise Database Options, Targets SQL Server Customers
13 August 2019, InfoQ.com

End of Support: SQL Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 Upgrade Options
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19 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

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19 August 2019, Eastern Eye

How one company put hyperconvergence to the test in their SAP HANA environment
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