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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1038.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score457.73
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score52.50
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.mongodb.com/­manualhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftMongoDB, IncSAP
Initial release198920092010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.4.2, November 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScriptSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBSAP HANA
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