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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle with MySQL, PostgreSQL and IBM Db2.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1040.05
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1264.02
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle
Initial release19891980
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201718 (18.1), February 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

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The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

Oracle OpenWorld Asia 2019
Singapore, 26-27 March 2019

Recent citations in the news

SQL Server auditing best practices: 3 key questions for DBAs
21 February 2019, TechTarget

Redgate champions cloud adoption with full support for Azure in its SQL Server monitoring tool
19 February 2019, Virtual-Strategy Magazine

What Is SQL Server? (+5 best Relational Databases in 2019)
29 January 2019, G2 Crowd

Getting Approximate Count in Microsoft SQL Server
4 February 2019, Database Journal

5 trends for SQL Server environments as SQL Server 2019 looms
1 February 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Will You Still Be Happy with Your Oracle Database in Five Years Time?
30 January 2019, Computer Business Review

Oracle foresees success in diversifying cloud
20 February 2019, www.channelweb.co.uk

Oracle: Major ad scam 'DrainerBot' is rinsing Android users of their battery life and data
21 February 2019, The Register

RDX Acquires Amazon AWS Cloud and Oracle Partner clckwrk
21 February 2019, ChannelE2E

Oracle Autonomous Database: Q&A with Oracle's Juan Loaiza
6 February 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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