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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle with MySQL, PostgreSQL and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Key-value store
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1040.34
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1283.22
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle
Initial release19891980
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201718 (18.1), February 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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Progress DataDirect: Hybrid Connectivity for Oracle
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Oracle OpenWorld Europe 2019
London, UK, 16-17 January 2019

Oracle OpenWorld MiddleEast 2019
Dubai, UAE, 11-12 February 2019

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft offers incentives to migrate to cloud for SQL Server 2008 users as end-of-life date approaches
11 December 2018, IT World Canada

SQL Server 2019 Community Technical Preview (CTP) 2.1 is Available Now
3 December 2018, Database Journal

New Preview of SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) Available for Download
6 December 2018, Database Journal

Faster R&D pace complicates SQL Server upgrades for users
30 November 2018, TechTarget

SQL Server 2019 CTP 2.1: A first look
19 November 2018, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Why to give third-party Oracle database monitoring tools a try
12 December 2018, TechTarget

What now, Larry? AWS boss insists Amazon will have dumped Oracle database by end of 2019
29 November 2018, The Register

Oracle Database Management and the Future
19 November 2018, Database Trends and Applications

Amazon will be off all Oracle databases by end of 2019, says AWS chief
28 November 2018, CNBC

Oracle earnings: Chronic cloud concerns create crisis of confidence
15 December 2018, MarketWatch

provided by Google News

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