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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Spark SQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB and Spark SQL with PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score23.72
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release20142014
Current release3.3.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageScala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptno
TriggersJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSpark SQL
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