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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen source graph databaseIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.08
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score48.98
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score144.26
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbneo4j.comredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbneo4j.com/­docsredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201420072009
Current release3.5.4, April 20195.0.5, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLua
TriggersJavaScriptyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Simple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNeo4jRedis
Specific characteristicsAzure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesGlobal distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Typical application scenariosAzure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersJet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsGartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
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