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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB and Redis with MongoDB, PostgreSQL and Amazon DynamoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database servicePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.85
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score156.44
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release20142009
Current release7.2.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagewith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
TriggersJavaScriptpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*through RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRedis
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Recent citations in the news

Public preview: Change partition key of a container in Azure Cosmos DB (NoSQL API) | Azure updates
27 March 2024, azure.microsoft.com

General availability: Microsoft Entra ID integration with Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL | Azure updates
13 March 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Azure Cosmos DB Conf 2023 | Microsoft Learn
12 January 2024, Microsoft

Public Preview: Azure Cosmos DB Migration for MongoDB extension - Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB vCore ...
15 November 2023, azure.microsoft.com

Generally Available: Add an Azure Cosmos DB custom endpoint in Azure IoT Hub | Azure updates
5 October 2023, azure.microsoft.com

provided by Google News

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Redis switches licenses, acquires Speedb to go beyond its core in-memory database
21 March 2024, TechCrunch

Redis expands data management capabilities with Speedb acquisition – Blocks and Files
22 March 2024, Blocks & Files

Linux Foundation marshals support for open source alternative to Redis
3 April 2024, The Register

Redis license update: What you need to know
20 March 2024, Microsoft

provided by Google News



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