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DBMS > MariaDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. MySQL

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Our visitors often compare MariaDB and MySQL with PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1202.85
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19951995
Current release10.8.3, May 20228.0.30, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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More resources
MariaDBMySQL
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Recent citations in the news

MariaDB Drafts Top Financial Talent Ahead of Becoming a Public Company
19 July 2022, Business Wire

Open source database company MariaDB confirms plans to go public
1 February 2022, VentureBeat

MariaDB evolves data storage solutions for easier scaling on demand
14 July 2022, SiliconANGLE News

4MLinux 40 Distro Released with Linux Kernel 5.18, Improved 3D Support, and More
30 July 2022, 9to5Linux

MariaDB SkySQL Continues to Gain Industry Recognition
29 March 2022, Business Wire

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