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DBMS > Lovefield vs. Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Lovefield vs. Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptOpen source graph databaseCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.19
Rank#259  Overall
#122  Relational DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldneo4j.comwww.snowflake.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdneo4j.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2014200720142010
Current release2.1.12, February 20173.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternnoyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersUsing read-only observersyes infovia event handlerno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDBnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
LovefieldNeo4jSnowflakeStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
LovefieldNeo4jSnowflakeStardog
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
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Recent citations in the news

Lovefield: An SQL-like Query Engine by Google
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