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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.87
Rank#91  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.snowflake.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Complexible Inc.
Initial release200720142010
Current release3.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSnowflakeStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more

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More resources
Neo4jSnowflakeStardog
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Recent citations in the news

New O'Reilly Graph Algorithms Book Now Available
24 April 2019, PRNewswire

AWS IAM, Amazon Neptune RDF, Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB, and Neo4j 3.5 Support Enhances Data Access and Enterprise Security
9 May 2019, PR Web

Global Graph Database Market 2019 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
13 May 2019, Biz Trends 24

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
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Global Graph Database Market 2019 Scope – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
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1 May 2019, SiliconANGLE News

Snowflake CEO Bob Muglia talks cloud data warehouse evolution
30 April 2019, TechTarget

Syncsort Delivers Mainframe Data to Snowflake to Support Cloud Analytics
14 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Red-hot startup Snowflake is adding support for Google's cloud in an effort to meet Wall Street's demand
23 May 2019, Business Insider India

Excellent Growth of Database Platform as a Service Market 2019 : Top Key Players – Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, Google, Snowflake Computing, Salesforce, Alibaba Cloud, Database Labs, Teradata, SAP, Instaclustr, EnterpriseOB, IBM, MLab
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