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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.75
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score136.53
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score2.07
Rank#117  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.snowflake.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release200720142010
Current release5.21.2, July 20247.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handlerno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j Fabricyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSnowflakeStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: GraphRAG, Knowledge Graph, Python, Ease of Use and more
13 July 2024

The GraphRAG Manifesto: Adding Knowledge to GenAI
11 July 2024

How Election Researchers Use Graph Technology to Fight Disinformation
10 July 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Podcast, Knowledge Graph, text2cypher, Python and more
6 July 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Llamaindex, GraphRAG, Chatbot, Knowledge Graph and more
29 June 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Neo4jSnowflakeStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j eyes GenAI workloads in APAC
18 July 2024, ComputerWeekly.com

Neo4j Announces Collaboration with Microsoft to Advance GenAI and Data Solutions
26 March 2024, PR Newswire

Big data analytics with Neo4j and Java, Part 1
10 July 2024, InfoWorld

Neo4j CTO says new Graph Query Language standard will have ‘massive ripple effects’
26 April 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Neo4j Is Planning IPO on Nasdaq, Largest Owner Greenbridge Says
15 February 2024, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

Snowflake-linked attack on Advance Auto Parts exposes 2.3 million people
15 July 2024, Cybersecurity Dive

AT&T's massive data breach deepens crisis for Snowflake seven weeks after hack was disclosed
12 July 2024, CNBC

Toll of Snowflake Hack Widens With Theft of AT&T Text, Calling Data
12 July 2024, Yahoo Finance

The Snowflake Attack May Be Turning Into One of the Largest Data Breaches Ever
6 June 2024, WIRED

Ticketmaster’s Snowflake data breach was just one of 165
11 June 2024, The Verge

provided by Google News



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