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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Hive vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Hive vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.64
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score75.52
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score2.72
Rank#129  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orghive.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookVesoft Inc.
Initial release200520122019
Current release6.7.1, April 20203.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumHiveNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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