DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServermSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.89
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.43
Rank#217  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.stardog.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docstrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesStardog-UnionApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20002010199420102014
Current release8.8, January 2019V124.2, April 20196.2.3, July 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++CJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnoyesnoyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Clusteryes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardogTrafodion
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
7 November 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardogTrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

Finished events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

Microsoft Announces Azure Blockchain Tokens and Blockchain Data Manager
9 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for SQL Server 10.5 Expands Performance Monitoring On-Premises and in the Cloud
3 December 2019, Associated Press

How to share SQL tables and views using Azure Data Share - Microsoft
29 November 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft shows off hybrid cloud management and cloud analytics tools at Ignite
14 November 2019, CIO

provided by Google News

A Memorial to the Grandfather of Headphone Enthusiasm
15 March 2016, InnerFidelity

TransWare Offers New Translation Tools and Services for ARIS® 7.x, 9.x Full translation to Microsoft Visio® 2010, 2013 and 2016 and Many Other Modeling Tools
12 October 2015, PR Web

Writing a Web Service in Perl
13 July 2018, PCQuest

provided by Google News

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® Trafodion™ as a Top-Level Project
10 January 2018, GlobeNewswire

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Annual Report for 2019 Fiscal Year
13 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Esgyn Strato: Esgyn announces a Hybrid / Multi Cloud Big Data Platform Service to run and optimize your business
30 November 2018, Markets Insider

An Open Source Tour de Force at Apache: Big Data 2016
11 May 2016, Datanami

ASF's 2018 annual report shows the Apache ecosystem is growing
20 July 2018, JAXenter

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

SQL Database Administrator
Plante Moran, Southfield, MI

Lead Database Engineer - Azure SQL (DBaaS)
MasterCard, Arlington, VA

SQL Escalation Engineer
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Cloud SQL Server DBA
Revenue Solutions, Inc., Roseville, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Present your product here