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DBMS > GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#143  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score21.57
Rank#31  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#223  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Score16.95
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.oracle.com/­databaserdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.rdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOntotextOracleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release20002013198020042014
Current release8.8, January 20191.7.9, October 201919c, February 20192.4.5, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++JavaScala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyesno
Triggersnonoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlyhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlyessimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBOracleRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
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Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBOracleRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQL
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

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15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
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