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DBMS > c-treeACE vs. Grakn vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison c-treeACE vs. Grakn vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Namec-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh speed key-value store, desgined for high availability, mission critical applications with automatic recovery and immediately consistent transaction support.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.57
Rank#213  Overall
#37  Key-value stores
#103  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#187  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score126.82
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.faircom.com/­-products/­-c-treeacegrakn.aiwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directorydev.grakn.ai/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperFairCom CorporationGrakn LabsDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release197920162000
Current releaseV11.5, November 20171.8.0, June 20203.32.2 (June 4, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoRestricted, free version availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++JavaC
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoANSI SQL queriesnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++nono
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioningSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoSynchronous and asynchronous realtime replication based on transaction logsMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infowhen using SQLno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoacross SQL and NoSQLyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlFine grained user, group and file access rights managed across SQL (per ANSI standard) and NoSQL.yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressno
More information provided by the system vendor
c-treeACEGraknSQLite
Specific characteristicsSpeed, reliability and consistency are the reasons businesses choose FairCom’s c-treeACE...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features High-speed transaction processing Immediately consistent, ACID-compliant,...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosc-treeACE speed, reliability, and flexibility are direct reasons this technology...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersVISA, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, CommVault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of c-treeACE are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
c-treeACEGraknSQLite
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