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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Open source graph databaseEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.68
Rank#56  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.23
Rank#248  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.42
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoregrakn.aineo4j.comrocksdb.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredev.grakn.ai/­docsneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleGrakn Labs LtdNeo4j, Inc.Facebook, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20172016200720132010
Current release1.6.1, December 20193.5.8, July 20196.3.6, October 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
C++ API
Java API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsnoyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreGRAKN.AINeo4jRocksDBStardog
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

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#GraphCast: “All Graph Databases Are Not Created Equal”
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreGRAKN.AINeo4jRocksDBStardog
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

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