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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. NCache vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. NCache vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNCache  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source in-memory key-value storeOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document storeKey-value storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#166  Overall
#25  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score5.68
Rank#56  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#159  Overall
#27  Key-value stores
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.alachisoft.com/­ncacheneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.alachisoft.com/­resources/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleAlachisoftNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20132017200420072010
Current release6.1.11, July 20195.0, May 20193.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageC++C#, C++, .NETJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedWindowsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoSQL-like query syntax (OQL) for searching the cachenoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
LINQ
Proprietary protocol
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C#
Java
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsno infosupport for stored procedures with SQL-Server CLRyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infoNotificationsyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationyes, with selectable consistency levelCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflowyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.authentification to access the cache via Active Directory/LDAP (possible roles: user, administrator)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreNCacheNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNCache has been the market leader in .NET Distributed Caching for the last 13 years....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNcache is 100% .NET with ASP.NET Session State storage, ASP.NET View State Caching,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosNCache enables industries and users including users doing: Fraud Detection, Retail...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBank of America, Citi, Natures Way, Charter Spectrum, Barclays, Henry Schein, GBM,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMarket Leader in .NET Distributed Caching for the last 13 years.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe NCache Enterprise licensing model is according to the number of nodes and shards...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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