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DBMS > Firebird vs. MemSQL vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. MemSQL vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.82
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.49
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.memsql.comneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.memsql.comneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMemSQL Inc.Neo4j, Inc.ScyllaDB
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2013200720152017
Current release3.0.5, January 20206.8, August 20194.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java, ScalaC++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes, but no triggers and foreign keysnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlernono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency only within each nodeCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdMemSQLNeo4jScyllaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

Neo4j 4.0 Security Rocks: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Bachman, CEO, GraphAware
14 February 2020

Part 1: Using Neo4j in Business Process Modeling Scenarios
13 February 2020

Personalized Product Recommendations at Nordstrom
12 February 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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