DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebird vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.09
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#141  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.62
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#170  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orggraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFirebird FoundationOntotextMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase200020102010
Current release3.0.4, October 20188.8, January 2019V126.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSPARQL is used as query languageyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLJava Server PluginTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

Semantic Technology-based Media Publishing Boosts User Engagement
26 September 2019

Semantic Search or Knowing Your Customers So Well, You Can Finish Their Sentences For Them
10 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Video: Welcome to the 2020 Pinkbike Field Test
11 November 2019, Pinkbike.com

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

The Firebird Project's Firebird Relational Database
29 July 2016, Linux Journal

EF Core Database Providers
4 January 2019, InfoQ.com

Lord Hobo Launches First 18-Pack, Eyes 50000 Barrels in 2019
13 May 2019, Brewbound.com

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

GraphQL And The Rise of Universal Data Access
28 October 2019, Forbes

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Mark Russinovich on Azure SQL Database Edge, Hyperscale and beyond - Microsoft
31 October 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft debuts Azure Synapse Analytics, updates database offerings
4 November 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Ignite postmortem: Cutting through the complexity
11 November 2019, ZDNet

Azure Arc May Be the On-Prem Azure Answer for SMBs
6 November 2019, PCMag

Implementing SQL Server Integration Services with Azure Data Factory
4 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Application Support Specialist
KARL STORZ, Chicago, IL

IT Subject Matter Expert II_Lorton, VA
Ho-Chunk, Lorton, VA

Senior Enterprise Data Base Administrator
T.D. Williamson, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT

Software Engineer
Advanced Security Designs, Santa Margarita, CA

Software Support Engineer
Simpson Strong-Tie, Lafayette, IN

Software Engineer II
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

SQL Support Escalation Engineer
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Security Software Engineer II
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Microshot SQL Server DBA Data Engineer
DXC, Alabama

Data Engineer
Plante Moran, Southfield, MI

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here