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DBMS > Firebird vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.72
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score85.33
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgcloud.google.com/­datastoreazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperFirebird FoundationGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20082010
Current release4.0.1, December 2021V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (GQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLusing Google App EngineTransact SQL
TriggersyesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-source replication using Paxosyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FirebirdGoogle Cloud DatastoreMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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