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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sphinx vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sphinx vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.32
Rank#118  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score4.20
Rank#80  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score6.35
Rank#59  Overall
#7  Search engines
Score0.19
Rank#282  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorersphinxsearch.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorersphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release2005201920012009
Current releaseV10, November 2017cloud service with continuous releases3.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesno
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)no
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocolTinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Yes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnono
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.optional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationnono
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSphinxTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSphinxTinkerGraph
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