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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score821.56
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.72
Rank#141  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docslearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftMonetDB BV
Initial release201819892004
Current release1.0.0, June 2024SQL Server 2022, November 2022Dec2023 (11.49), December 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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More resources
DuckDBMicrosoft SQL ServerMonetDB
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Recent citations in the news

MotherDuck Announces General Availability; Brings Simplicity and Power of DuckDB in a Serverless Data Warehouse
11 June 2024, PR Newswire

DuckDB: The tiny but powerful analytics database
15 May 2024, InfoWorld

DuckDB promises greater stability with 1.0 release
5 June 2024, The Register

My First Billion (of Rows) in DuckDB | by João Pedro | May, 2024
1 May 2024, Towards Data Science

DuckDB: In-Process Python Analytics for Not-Quite-Big Data
31 May 2024, The New Stack

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In 2024 the MonetDB Foundation was established for the preservation, maintenance and further development of the ...
31 January 2024, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

MonetDB Secures Investment From (and Partners With) ServiceNow
9 December 2021, Datanami

PostgreSQL, MonetDB, and Too-Big-for-Memory Data in R - Part I - DataScienceCentral.com
6 April 2018, Data Science Central

How MonetDB Exploits Modern CPU Performance | by Dwi Prasetyo Adi Nugroho
14 January 2020, Towards Data Science

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow
30 September 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

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