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DBMS > Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score2.55
Rank#113  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.ontotext.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.OntotextMicrosoftOracleVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20162000198920112011
Current release9.8, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201922.2, August 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++JavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
TriggersnonoyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
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