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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Redis vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Redis vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Key-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.26
Rank#45  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score156.44
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.06
Rank#365  Overall
#55  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgredis.com
redis.io
github.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.STS Soft SC
Initial release200520092011
Current release3.3.3, December 20237.2.4, January 20244.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageErlangCC#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infowith RediSearch moduleno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnowith RediSQL moduleno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesthrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
no

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"RedisSTSdb
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Recent citations in the news

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

IBM Cloudant ends backing of FoundationDB version of CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

CouchDB 3.0 puts safety first
27 February 2020, InfoWorld

CouchDB 3.0 ends admin party era • DEVCLASS
27 February 2020, DevClass

How to Connect Your Flask App With CouchDB: A NoSQL Database - MUO
14 August 2021, MakeUseOf

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