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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Redis

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Our visitors often compare CouchDB and Redis with MongoDB, Couchbase and Cassandra.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.41
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score153.28
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release20052009
Current release3.0, February 20206.0.8, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptLua
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Datadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Redis
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Recent citations in the news

CouchDB Archives
29 October 2020, Stock Market Vista

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

NoSQL Databases Market is Thriving Worldwide | Major Giants Oracle NoSQL, Accumulo, Aerospike - Press Release
27 October 2020, Digital Journal

CouchDB 3.0 puts safety first
27 February 2020, InfoWorld

NoSQL Databases Software Market to Witness Robust Growth | MongoDB,Amazon,ArangoDB,Azure Cosmos DB,Couchbase,MarkLogic,RethinkDB,CouchDB,SQL-RD,OrientDB,RavenDB,Redis
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Application Cache Performance Testing – Gigaom
28 October 2020, Gigaom

Global Operational Database Management Systems (OPDBMS) Software Market 2020 Recent Developments and 2027 Forecast Outlook By ArangoDB, DataStax, MarkLogic, Redis Labs, MongoDB, InterSystems
29 October 2020, PRnews Leader

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21 October 2020, Techradar

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