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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrigoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.71
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score942.13
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#356  Overall
#47  Document stores
#19  Object oriented DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverorigodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverorigodb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftRobert Friberg et al
Initial release200519892009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current release3.2.2, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyesyesyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesdepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole based authorization

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerOrigoDB
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