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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.38
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score130.07
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1266.28
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesswww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablemsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release200519921995
Current release2.3.1, March 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20198.0.18, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft AccessMySQL
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