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DBMS > CouchDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.In-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.38
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.32
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score130.07
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orglokijs.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablelokijs.org/­#/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft
Initial release200520141992
Current release2.3.1, March 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LokiJSMicrosoft Access
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Recent citations in the news

How to create your first CouchDB database with Fauxton
8 May 2019, TechRepublic

How to install CouchDB on CentOS 7
30 April 2019, TechRepublic

IBM Adds Kubernetes Operator for CouchDB
26 September 2019, Datanami

IBM Adds Support and Kubernetes Operator for Apache CouchDB to Sync Data Across Multi-Cloud Environments
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