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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MongoDB

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Our visitors often compare Cassandra and MongoDB with HBase, Amazon DynamoDB and Redis.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOne of the most popular document stores
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score124.21
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score330.47
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.datastax.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMongoDB, Inc
Initial release20082009
Current release3.11.1, October 20173.4.10, October 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a single document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system driving...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersBarracuda Networks, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best Buy, Comcast, eBay, Hulu,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, AstraZeneca, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, Department of Veteran Affairs,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by a quarter of the Fortune 100
» more
20 million downloads (growing at thousands downloads per day). 2,000+ customers including...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation’s GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
3rd party products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more
Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
» more

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraMongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft updates Cosmos DB with Cassandra support, better availability guarantees
15 November 2017, VentureBeat

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