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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Newts vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Newts vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessTime Series DBMS based on CassandraMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.71
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.04
Rank#322  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#63  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score0.40
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgopennms.github.io/­newtsorientdb.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikiorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOpenNMS GroupOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloudSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2008201420102004
Current release3.11.5, October 20193.0.23, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
Java API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava, Javascriptyes
TriggersyesnoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infobased on CassandraShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraMaster-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraNewtsOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraNewtsOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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