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DBMS > Cassandra vs. MySQL vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. MySQL vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWidely used open source RDBMSIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APITime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.22
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1283.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.72
Rank#90  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.mysql.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdev.mysql.com/­docoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTobias Oetiker
Initial release200819951999
Current release3.11.4, February 20198.0.17, July 20191.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraMySQLRRDtool
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CassandraMySQLRRDtool
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