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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Nebula Graph vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Nebula Graph vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.57
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score23.33
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
spark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.nebula-graph.iospark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationVesoft Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201420192014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20193.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.no
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBCBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocolnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixNebula GraphSpark SQL
News

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6 Release Note
8 November 2021

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More resources
Apache PhoenixNebula GraphSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
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