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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#253  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTimescale
Initial release20181989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current release14.3, May 20222.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® IoTDB™ as a Top-Level Project
23 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

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