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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. MySQL vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. MySQL vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.45
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1061.34
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score41.02
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteimpala.apache.orgwww.mysql.comsolr.apache.org
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldev.mysql.com/­docsolr.apache.org/­resources.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation
Initial release201319952006
Current release4.1.0, June 20228.4.0, April 20249.6.1, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxJava plugins
Triggersnoyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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More resources
Apache ImpalaMySQLSolr
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