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DBMS > MySQL vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Solr

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Our visitors often compare MySQL and Solr with Elasticsearch, MongoDB and Redis.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score49.81
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.mysql.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­doclucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation
Initial release19952006
Current release8.0.26, July 20218.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxJava plugins
Triggersyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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