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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Impala vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.57
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score14.03
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1087.72
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbimpala.apache.orgwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201220131995
Current release4.1.0, June 20228.3.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBApache ImpalaMySQL
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