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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.75
Rank#47  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.91
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#170  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleStardog-Union
Initial release2015198919942010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201918.1 (Core), June 20186.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBStardog
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